Malaria is a disease which is common in; Central America, South America, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Africa, India, Southeast Asia, Middle East, and Oceania. It causes the destruction of red blood cells, which carry oxygen and nutrients throughout the body, and can result in a variety of things such as flu-like symptoms to death. There are 4 main types of Malaria; they are P. Falciparum, P. Vivax, P. Ovale, and P. Malariae. Malaria is a disease that can be treated and prevented. Although 300-500 people get Malaria a year and 1 to 2 million people die a year of Malaria, and 2 billion people live in areas were they are exposed to Malaria.
First there is the diagnosis and causes of Malaria. It is caused by the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito. The symptoms are Headaches, muscle aches, and fever possibly up to 106 degrees, chills, vomiting, coughing, and abdominal pains. The first symptoms usually appear within 7 to 21 days of the mosquito bite. The symptoms may be mild at first and similar to the flu. Once you are diagnosed with Malaria, you have “Malarial attacks.” This is when for about two hours you have all of the symptoms named above. When the attack is over you feel better, but you are very weak.
Next there is the Treatment of Malaria. In most cases there are two drugs that can treat and cure Malaria. They are called Chloroquine and Primaquine. Some varieties of P. Falciparum resist the treatment of these drugs. In these cases doctors prescribe Quinine, Mefloquine, or Halofautrine. Chloroquine cannot only cure Malaria, but it can also prevent it. People who are traveling to places were they may be exposed to Malaria, should take Chloroquine before, during, and after their trip. P Falciparum may be fatal. It can lead to liver failure, kidney failure, fluid in the lungs, convulsions, a coma, or death in 7% of North American and European travelers.
There are many ways to Prevent Malaria today. Although there is currently no vaccine, there are many other ways to prevent it. They all include controlling the Anopheles mosquito. You can do this by getting your house sprayed by insecticides, putting netting in windows, and applying insect repellents when outside and to keep them out of there homes and off themselves. Also people are taking action in the environment, by draining, spraying, and filling in stagnant bodies of water.
So as you can see Malaria can be treated and cured, but in some cases may also be fatal. Since there is a high risk of Malaria in so many places, travelers and people who are exposed to Malaria daily need to be careful and take necessary precautions and you can easily keep from getting Malaria. Therefore, it is important to know that malaria can be treated, prevented, and even cured!