Anesthetic is a drug used to induce a state of insensibility to pain. There are two different types of anesthetics. (Adams, 1) About 35,000 times a year, many patients will wake up during surgery and become awake of their surroundings they also notice the pain. ( Davis,1) Anesthesia is safer today than it has ever been. But it is still a high-risk business, so patients are suggested to ask to meet the provider in advance. (what to go over before going under, 1)

Now a days the doctors can tell when a patient is about to wake up by a monitor that translate EEG waves from the brain into a single number with a scale of 1 to 100. Putting a patient to sleep is often referred to Anesthesia. But the simple description doesn’t begin to tell the delicate nature of the risky practice. If the patients medical problems are complex and the surgery is challenging, then the anesthesia couldn’t be very fun. If some surgery’s are quick and less painful and require less anesthesia, but some require more. An explanation of monitors, injections, and anesthetics will prove that anesthesia is not as dangerous or harmful as it uses to be before modern technology.

There are many different types of anesthetics. First there are general anesthetics. General anesthetics are given in the gas form, by inhalation. They lead to a state of insensibility. If a patient is given too much anesthesia then this

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could induce a coma and can be followed by death. When if given correctly the patient will awaken and after recovery they will be able to perform normalactivities. Doctors previously used Nitrous Oxide, Ether, and Chloroform but now the only employed anesthetic of the three is Nitrous Oxide. Another widely used anesthetic is Halohane. The second is local anesthetics. Localanesthetics locally block the nerve impulses. (Adams, 1) They are injected into the skin or the tissues, where they paralyze nerves. They injection sight is where surgery will take place. Within a dew minutes the area and the areas surrounding the injection sire become unable to feel pain. Cocaine was the first drug that was found to have a local anesthetic. Researchers found procaine, Lido Cain, and many others which are used often. Last but not least, other. Other types of anesthetics are Benzyl Alcohol which is a preservative in bacteria. (Clark, 2) Dr. Skidmore recommended avoiding diphennydramine solution as an anesthetic. (Clark, 2) Surface anesthetics are a surface painkilling solution such as gel or ointment to the skin. (source 6, 1) The three anesthetics are general, local and other.

Many doctors give anesthesia by injection. Injection is the best way to give anesthesia. The biggest problem with injections is pain at the spot of the injection. Some doctors use ice cubes for this because they are effective, quick and very cheap. Dr. Skidmore uses this method with the three to five year olds that he works with quite often. He uses the ice on children even though they

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squirm and do not like the coldness. Of don’t for a minute or two it causes the area to turn a white color and so cold that you can inject the anesthesia into the area without any pain at all. He also recommends that you use the smaller
needle and you should also use the same area if you are giving multiple injections so that the patient only endures one painful stick from the needle.. One important thing about injections is the technique. “Make sure you are listening to patients. “ Dr. Skidmore (Clark, 1) said “If they say they feel a tingling to zinging sensation down their arm or running along their face, it may mean that you introduced the needle to the nerve.” (Clark, 1 and 2) If you injected the anesthesia “withdraw the needle a little but out of the skin until that sensation goes away.” (Clark, 2) Avoid wiggling the needle, that could lacerate a nerve. In some older books, it says to insert the needle directly into the forearm, where the nerves come out of the bone. “You want to infiltrate the area around the forearm, but in to the forearm.” (Clark, 2) He added.

Since modern technology doctors and hospitals have been introduced to monitors. Monitors do many of things. They measure the depth of the anesthesia. For those patients who have high blood pressure and/or heart problems, the monitor allows the anesthesiologist to focus on the real issues unfolding inside their patients during surgery. The monitors help but letting the patient heals faster because it tells how much anesthesia to give the patient. There are about 700 hospitals across the nation that uses the monitors called

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Bispectral Index Monitors. ( Davis, 2) Anesthesiologists which use the monitors don’t need to rely on them too much because they need to be careful. Anesthesiologists which use the monitors say they save money and that their patients feel better faster after surgery. The monitors cost between $5,000 and $9,000, depending on the amount the hospitals buys. ( Davis, 3) With that expense that cost of the surgery increases to about $15 more. ( Davis, 3) Anti-Nausea drugs that are used after surgery cost $40 per dose. ( Davis, 3) Hospitals have been upgraded since they have been introduced to monitors.

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